53. Vulgate Bible (1592)

2° [12], 1131, 23 p.; 349 x 243mm.

The Sixtine-Clementine edition of the Latin Bible, also known as the Clementine Bible, was for centuries the standard edition of the Bible in that language. It was first published in 1592 at Rome by Aldus Manutius the Younger.

After the Council of Trent had declared the Vulgate Bible the official Bible of the church, Pope Sixtus V had labored long and carefully to produce his Sixtine Bible in 1590. This version aroused antagonism among both clergy and laity, however, who resented the order that their missals and other materials be corrected to agree with the Sixtine edition. Therefore, it came as little surprise that just a few days after the death of Sixtus (August 27, 1590) the cardinals quickly issued a decree forbidding the further sale of this Bible. Within months the next official Vulgate version, the Clementine edition, was published at Rome by Aldus the Younger, who headed the papal press. Although it corrected many of the errors in the Sixtine edition, because it was printed so quickly (in just four months) it contained numerous errors itself.

Like its predecessor, the Clementine Bible was issued with a new papal bull which forbade the printing of any edition outside the Vatican for ten years, after which no edition could be published unless it had first been collated with a Vatican copy. This secured the position of the Clementine version as the official Bible for the Roman Catholic church. Not until 1907 was the official Vulgate text revised.

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